The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. These diseases can be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another. Vaccination, maintenance of proper hygiene and medicines help in the prevention of infection. Infectious diseases are also known as transmissible disease or communicable disease.
- Track 1-1Bacterial Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-2Parasitic Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-3Fungal Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-4Viral Infections Diseases
- Track 1-5Allergic Infections Diseases
- Track 1-6Neuro Infections Diseases
- Track 1-7Common Infections Diseases
Bacterial STDs , such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia, are often cured with antibiotics. However, viral STDs , (the four “H's”) such as HIV , HPV (genital warts), herpes, and hepatitis (the only STD that can be prevented with a vaccine), have no cure, but their symptoms can be alleviated with treatment. Apart from this, malarial infections are also widely spreading especially in African countries. Bacterial toxins and mycobacterial infections are emerging as future epidemic diseases. Various treatments like chemotherapy, antimicrobial treatment and gene silencing are used to cure these infections up to some extent.
- Track 2-1Bacteria and Probiotics
- Track 2-2Bacterial Types and Complexity
- Track 2-3Bacterial metabolism and normal flora
- Track 2-4Bacterial STDs
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms and the part of microbiological science which comprises the study of bacteria is known as “Bacteriology”. Bacteria display a wide variety of shapes and sizes, called morphologies. Bacterial cells are about one-tenth the size of eukaryotic cells and are typically 0.5–5.0 micrometres in length. The ancestors of present bacteria were said to be first forms of life on earth.
- Track 3-1True bacteria
- Track 3-2Actinomycetes
- Track 3-3Spirochaetes
- Track 3-4Mycoplasma
- Track 3-5Rickettsiae
The most important task of bacteriology is to identify the pathogens from the clinical sample so that appropriate treatment can be instituted. Bacterial identification is used in extensive range of applications including microbial forensics, criminal investigations, bio-terrorism threats and environmental studies.
- Track 4-1Isolation in pure form
- Track 4-2Staining reaction
- Track 4-3Morphology of bacterial colony
- Track 4-4Cultural characteristics
- Track 4-5Metabolism
- Track 4-6Biochemical properties
Bacteria are relatively complex, single-celled creatures with a rigid wall and a thin, rubbery membrane surrounding the fluid inside the cell. They can reproduce on their own. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. Compared to virus, cost for antibiotics is low still 700 million infections were found every year with the mortality rate of 0.1% normally and in severe conditions it is about 25%.
- Track 5-1Bacterial skin infections
- Track 5-2Foodborne bacterial infections
- Track 5-3Sexually transmitted infections
- Track 5-4Bacterial meningitis
- Track 5-5Respiratory tract infections
- Track 5-6Urinary tract infections
Clinical Analyses of infectious diseases and Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood, tissues, and other body fluids. There are different types of specimens used in clinical pathology. They are blood, urine, sputum, faeces, and other body fluids, in which it deals with health care, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.
- Track 6-1Clinical microbiology by bacterial genome sequencing
- Track 6-2Clinical microbiology of bacterial and fungal sepsis
- Track 6-3Bacteria in blood for transfusion
- Track 6-4Cure of bacterial conjunctivitis
- Track 6-5Clinical effects and microbiology of bacterial persistence
Contagious contaminations posture special difficulties to sub-atomic diagnostics; parasitic sub-atomic diagnostics thus lingers behind bacterial and viral partners. In any case, contagious diseases are frequently hazardous and early location and recognizable proof of species is vital to effective intercession. A high throughput PCR-based strategy is required that is free of culture, is touchy to the level of one contagious cell for every milliliter of blood or other tissue writes, and is equipped for distinguishing species and protection transformations.
- Track 7-1Great techniques for parasitic identiÂ¬cation and quantiÂ¬cation, and of their toxigenic capacity
- Track 7-2Estimation of parasitic germination, development and inactivation
- Track 7-3Present day strategies for parasitic identiÂ¬cation and quantiÂ¬cation, and of their toxigenic capacity
- Track 7-4Mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF ICMS)
- Track 7-5Modern methods of fungal identiÂ¬cation and quantiÂ¬cation
- Track 7-6Molecular methods
Dissimilar to green plants organisms need chlorophyll and in this manner must acquire their nourishment from different sources. Organisms have an imperative part in the biological system where they separate and disintegrate dead plants and animals(SAPROPHYTES). A few kinds of parasites assault living life forms and can be exceptionally ruinous making a huge number of dollars in misfortunes the ranger service industry. Other growths assault living trees and even other organisms (PARASITIC). Still others shape a commonly gainful relationship with trees and shrubs(MYCORRHIZA).
- Track 8-1Degradation of organic compounds
- Track 8-2Fungi and Permaculture
- Track 8-3Mycelium
- Track 8-4Non-pathogenic association of fungi with plants
- Track 8-5Pathogenic association of fungi with plants
- Track 8-6Bioremediation of soils
Parasitic people group in fallen wood as a model framework to research how the historical backdrop of contagious group gathering manages biological system Laboratory tests are being utilized to decide if the effects of get together history on environment working rely on soil richness and fungivory. To decide the relative significance of get together history against the characteristic foundation of natural changeability. This task will give new environmental bits of knowledge by demonstrating that verifiable data, however hard to acquire in nature, can be basic for clarifying apparently quirky variety in biological system working.
- Track 9-1Fungal Ecology
- Track 9-2Competition between Fungi
- Track 9-3Mechanisms for Conserving Fungi
- Track 9-4Hyphal Interactions
- Track 9-5Population dynamics
- Track 9-6Role in ecosystem functioning
- Track 9-7Advance Mycological Research
Bacterial pathogenesis is the process by which bacteria infect and cause infection in a host. Many bacterial Infection forms biofilms with which its pathogenic nature increases. Certain pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in plant host causing diseases. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms Direct Analysis and Techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may identify specific microbial antigens.
- Track 10-1Simulations for Learning Bacterial Pathogenesis
- Track 10-2Pathogenic vulnerability
- Track 10-3Immune responses
- Track 10-4Host-mediated Pathogenesis
- Track 10-5Mechanisms of bacterial pathogenicity
Bacterial diseases can affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash.Some endemic and exotic diseases are zoonotic which means they can pass between animals and humans, such as rabies.
- Track 11-1Diseases of the nervous system
- Track 11-2Diseases of muscles, bones and joints
- Track 11-3Diseases of the cardio-vascular system
- Track 11-4Multi-systemic diseases
- Track 11-5Diseases of the digestive tract
- Track 11-6Diseases of the respiratory tract
- Track 11-7Diseases of the urinary tract and genital tracts
Bacterial diseases refer to a large variety of diseases caused by bacteria or bacterial components that affect humans, domesticated animals, wildlife, fish, and birds. Most of these diseases are contagious—that is, they can be passed from one member of a species to another member, or, in a smaller number of instances, from one species to a different species. Depending on the organism, bacterial disease can be spread in different ways.
- Track 12-1Pulmonary Tuberculosis- Mycobacterium Tuberculae
- Track 12-2Cholera- Vibrio cholerae
- Track 12-3Diphtheria- Diphtheria
- Track 12-4Leprosy- Mycobacterium leprae
- Track 12-5Tetanus- Clostridium tetani
Immune defence is an immune support formula that supplies specific antibodies that target human pathogens. Immune Defense is the first natural product to deliver such a high level of immunoglobulins. Almost 80% of all disease-causing microbes enter the body through mucosal tissue. cytokine stimulates killing mechanisms inside the infected macrophage to digest and destroy the invading bacterium.
- Track 13-1Cell mediated immunity
- Track 13-2Microbial antagonism
- Track 13-3Antibody mediated immunity
- Track 13-4Phagocytosis
- Track 13-5Anatomical defence
Infections that are affected by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. There are several kinds of antibiotic for bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not work for infections caused by other types of micro-organism such as viruses or fungi. Using them unnecessarily increases the risk of bacteria developing resistance to antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem across the world.
- Track 14-1Medical Treatment
- Track 14-2Prevent Bacterial Infection
- Track 14-3Preventing Bacterial Infection from Food
- Track 14-4Preventing the Spread of Bacterial Infections
- Track 14-5Common Bacterial Infections
Inoculation is the best technique for counteractive action for irresistible sicknesses. Antibody Adjuvants are parts which potentiate the invulnerable framework and quicken the resistant reactions to an antigenAntimicrobial is the operator that executes or limits the cell development. To battle against the potential microscopic organisms now-a-days, the assembling organizations are thinking of further developed antimicrobial fluids/cleansers/sanitizers. Inoculation/Vaccination is a standout amongst the most financially savvy general wellbeing intercessions to date, sparing a great many lives and shielding incalculable kids from ailment and handicap. As an immediate aftereffect of vaccination, polio is very nearly annihilation.
- Track 15-1Teixobactin
- Track 15-2Predatory Bacteria
- Track 15-3Delivery of Antibiotics to Our Body
- Track 15-4Bacterial Biofilms
- Track 15-5Antibiotics Versus Good Bacteria in Gut
Irresistible Diseases and microbiology is in different parts of irresistible ailments and host pathogen connections, including the pathogenesis of microbial irresistible at the cell and sub-atomic levels as they identify with creating techniques for ailment counteractive action. There are many branches in bacteriology that are identified with general wellbeing like sustenance bacteriology, myco bacteriology.
- Track 16-1Enteric Bacteriology
- Track 16-2Food Bacteriology
- Track 16-3Myco Bacteriology
- Track 16-4Water Bacteriology
- Track 16-5Practical Bacteriology
Phyto bacteriology is a branch of bacteriology that arrangements with life forms related with pathogenic for plants. This microscopic organisms causes a little extent of plant ailments, this does not imply that these infections are immaterial. Other biotic specialists ensnared in plant ailments are organisms, infections and nematodes, abiotic components may likewise deliver illnesses like side effects. Pathogenic tests should be possible for the counteractive action of infection. There are 1,700 fortune associations universally with more than 1200 premium investigations in a year with a decent statistical surveying firm overall every year.
- Track 17-1Ecology and Epidemiology of Plant-associated Bacteria
- Track 17-2Beneficial Plant-bacterial Interactions
- Track 17-3Gram-positive and Fastidious Phytopathogenic Bacteria
- Track 17-4Gamma Proteobacterial Phytopathogens and Beneficials
- Track 17-5Genetic and Molecular Bases for Bacterial Virulene
Several major groups of bacteria are considered very significant in animal health and welfare. Some of these bacteria are very pathogenic, their severe pathogenicity cause different kinds and levels of infections to livestock, pets and wildlife. In veterinary bacteriology, it is very important to identify the nature of the bacteria that cause the infection in animals. There is a broad range of laboratory protocols, methods, and techniques that facilitate the microbiological analysis. Specimens should be obtained from infected animals.
- Track 18-1Animal Health
- Track 18-2Zoonoses
- Track 18-3Food Safety
- Track 18-4Preventive Measures
Carbapenem-safe Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are Gram-negative microorganisms that are impervious to the carbapenem class of anti-infection agents, considered the medications of final resort for such contaminations. They are safe since they create a protein called a carbapenemase that handicaps the medication particle. The protection can fluctuate from direct to extreme. Enterobacteriaceae are normal commensals and irresistible operators. Specialists fear CRE as the new "superbug".The microbes can kill up to half of patients who get circulatory system infections. Tom Frieden, previous leader of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has alluded to CRE as "bad dream bacteria".Types of CRE are in some cases known as KPC and NDM . KPC and NDM are catalysts that separate carbapenems and make them incapable. Both of these catalysts, and in addition the protein VIM (Verona Integron-Mediated Metallo-Î²-lactamase) have additionally been accounted for in Pseudomonas.
- Track 19-1Transmission of CRE by Animals
- Track 19-2Mechanism of Carbapenem Resistance
- Track 19-3Prevention of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
- Track 19-4Treatment for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
- Track 19-5Treatment for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. Antimicrobial is the agent that kills or restricts the cell growth. To fight against the potential bacteria now-a-days, the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids,soaps and sanitizers.
- Track 20-1Pneumococcal vaccine
- Track 20-2Anthrax vaccine
- Track 20-3Coinfections
- Track 20-4Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases
- Track 20-5Schistosomiasis
Clinical Reviews of irresistible illnesses and Clinical bacteriology bolsters the finding of infection utilizing research facility testing of blood, tissues, and other body liquids. There are sorts of examples utilized clinical pathology. They are blood, pee, sputum, defecation, and other body liquids, in which it manages social insurance, particularly the conclusion and treatment of disarranges influencing the female regenerative framework. The market is sectioned on the premise of geology, for example, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World. At present, North America and Europe are the most noticeable markets, inferable from developing predominance of different gram-positive bacterial contaminations and related infections. Notwithstanding, Asia-Pacific and a few nations in Rest of the World area are relied upon to demonstrate lucrative development in forthcoming period, inferable from quickly developing commonness and mindfulness about the maladies caused because of gram-positive microscopic organisms and their constant impacts.
- Track 21-1Enterobacter Sakazakii Infections
- Track 21-2Bacterial Vaginosis
- Track 21-3Bacteria in blood for Transfusio
- Track 21-4Joint Infection by Anaerobic Bacteria
- Track 21-5Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome
Emerging infectious diseases are those which are caused by bacteria like E.coli, Salmonella, H.pylori, N.gonorrhoeae, N.meningitidis, S.aureus, and S.bacteria. It includes diseases like pneumonia, meningitis, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infections. The drugs used to treat such bacterial infections are called Antibiotics. Pathology is a branch of medical science primarily concerning the examination of organs, tissues, and bodily fluids in order to make a diagnosis of disease.
- Track 22-1Case reports from vaccine Manufacturers
- Track 22-2Discussion on latest discoveries in Bacteriology
- Track 22-3Innovative vaccine manufacturing technologies
Actinobacteria is having genus called Mycobacterium, with its own family, the Mycobacteriaceae. It includes pathogens known to cause deadly diseases in mammals, including tuberculosis and leprosy . The mycobacteria is not a fungi but a bacteria which grows in a mold-like fashion on the surface of cultures . Its Pathogenicity shows adverse signs which can colonize their hosts without the hosts and their infections are notoriously difficult to treat. As Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis and it kills nearly 2 million people in the world each year. Mycobacterium has phenolic alcohols known as Mycosides composed of Mycobacterium glycolipids that are termed glycosides of phenolphthiocerol dimycocerosate. Comparative Genomics studies shows that conserved indels and signature proteins that are uniquely found in all sequenced species from the genus Mycobacterium. Phenotypic tests can be used to identify and distinguish different Mycobacteria species and strains. Mycobacteriophage can infect Mycobacterium, so in future bacterial viruses may be used to treat tuberculosis and related diseases by phage therapy.
- Track 23-1Mycobacterial infections
- Track 23-2Pathogenicity
- Track 23-3Genomics
- Track 23-4Mycosides
- Track 23-5Mycobacteriophage
Mycotoxicology is the branch of mycology that spotlights on breaking down and examining the poisons created by organisms, known as mycotoxins. The mission of the Mycotoxicology Committee is to enhance familiarity with people in general about wellbeing dangers postured by mycotoxins pollution in the sustenance and bolster supply worldwide and elevate open arrangements to lessen the presentation of human and creatures to mycotoxins.
- Track 24-1Occurrence and Importance
- Track 24-2Mushroom poisoning
- Track 24-3Proteomics
- Track 24-4Proteomics
- Track 24-5Diagnostics
- Track 24-6Methods in mycotoxin analysis
- Track 24-7Sample preparation, extraction, cleanup and detection
- Track 24-8Vaccine development, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic evaluation of Antifungals in Animals
Veterinary mycology is a branch manages distinguishing proof of veterinary parasites, pathophysiology and analysis of contagious contaminations, pharmacodynamics of antifungals in creatures, the study of disease transmission of creature mycoses, annihilation and immunization advancement against obtrusive veterinary parasitic diseases.
- Track 25-1Diagnosis & identification of veterinary pathogenic fungi
- Track 25-2Immunology of fungal diseases in animals
- Track 25-3Epidemiology, prevention, control and eradication of animal mycoses
- Track 25-4Fungal zoonoses
- Track 25-5Mycotoxins and Mycotoxicosis
- Track 25-6Standardization of animal model on invasive fungal infections and use of alternatives
- Track 25-7Pathophysiology Of fungal Diseases
The development of parasites and yeasts in sustenances, and the subsequent issues caused by these living beings, is an imperative piece of nourishment quality and wellbeing, yet regularly does not get as much consideration as the maybe more recognizable issues caused by microbes. But then, nourishment waste caused by parasites and yeasts can be much more noteworthy, specifically in various key nutritional categories, especially those that are acidic in nature and additionally have low dampness content. These incorporate nutritional categories, for example, pastry shop items, dairy items, refreshments (e.g. organic product juices), dried foods grown from the ground, and confectionary.
- Track 26-1Modelling, predicting and mapping the emergence of mycotoxins in the EU
- Track 26-2Predictive models for fungal growth
- Track 26-3The impact of Climate changes on Food security and Food safety
- Track 26-4Mycotoxins of major concern and associated fungi: biology, physiology and ecology of fungi and mycotoxin production
- Track 26-5Hurdle technology approaches applied to fungal development
- Track 26-6Mycotoxin production in foods
Growths and microbes can frame a scope of physical affiliations that rely upon different methods of sub-atomic correspondence for their advancement and working .Physical Complexes amongst Bacteria and Fungi are found in numerous unmistakable conditions, for example, the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, the human oral hole, the creation of sustenances, for example, cheddar, wine, tempeh, and sourdough and farming and backwoods situations. The blend of physical affiliations and atomic associations amongst microscopic organisms and growths can bring about a wide range of results for each accomplice. Thus, these progressions may influence the impact of the bacterial-contagious complex. Results of Bacterial-Fungal Interactions have significant outcomes for the two creatures and changes in the bacterial and parasitic accomplices' physiology, life cycles, and survival. Utilizations of BFIs found in different organic fields i.e. Nourishment Processing, Fermentation and preparing, Cheese maturing, Bioremediation of poisons, characteristic item disclosure and engineered science. Blended bacterial-contagious groups assume a key part in deciding the taste, quality, and security of an extensive variety of nourishments, similar to wine creation, cheddar produce includes complex microbial biological communities where BFIs assume a focal part.
- Track 27-1Physical Complexes between Bacteria and Fungi
- Track 27-2Molecular Interactions
- Track 27-3Consequences of BFIs
- Track 27-4Applications of BFIs
Bacteria are used in industry in a number of ways that generally exploit their natural metabolic capabilities. They are used in manufacture of foods and production of antibiotics, probiotics, drugs, vaccines, starter cultures, insecticides, enzymes, fuels and solvents. In addition, with genetic engineering technology, bacteria can be programmed to make various substances used in food science, agriculture and medicine.
- Track 28-1Food industry
- Track 28-2Pharmaceutical industry
- Track 28-3Agriculture
- Track 28-4Biotechnology industry
- Track 28-5Leather tanning industry
Harmful bacteria are also called pathogenic bacteria because they cause disease and serious illnesses like strep throat, staph infections, cholera, tuberculosis, and food poisoning . Although some most forms of bacteria are good for you and those which cause the disease are generally opportunistic pathogens which generally occur in immune compromised people. Some of them could cause serious illness because they are antibiotic resistant .The term pathogenic means disease carrying, and pathogenic or harmful bacteria are often referred to simply as germs.
- Track 29-1Bacillus anthracis- anthrax
- Track 29-2Salmonella Typhi - Typhoid Fever
- Track 29-3Yersinia pestis- bubonic and pneumonic plague
- Track 29-4Streptococcus Pyogenes - Toxic shock syndrome and Septicemia
- Track 29-5Escherichia Coli - Diarrhea