The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. These diseases can be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another. Vaccination, maintenance of proper hygiene and medicines help in the prevention of infection. Infectious diseases are also known as transmissible disease or communicable disease.
- Track 1-1Bacterial Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-2Parasitic Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-3Fungal Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-4Viral Infections Diseases
- Track 1-5Allergic Infections Diseases
- Track 1-6Neuro Infections Diseases
- Track 1-7Common Infections Diseases
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms and the part of microbiological science which comprises the study of bacteria is known as “Bacteriology”. Bacteria display a wide variety of shapes and sizes, called morphologies. Bacterial cells are about one-tenth the size of eukaryotic cells and are typically 0.5–5.0 micrometres in length. The ancestors of present bacteria were said to be first forms of life on earth.
- Track 2-1True bacteria
- Track 2-2Actinomycetes
- Track 2-3Spirochaetes
- Track 2-4Mycoplasma
- Track 2-5Rickettsiae
The most important task of bacteriology is to identify the pathogens from the clinical sample so that appropriate treatment can be instituted. Bacterial identification is used in extensive range of applications including microbial forensics, criminal investigations, bio-terrorism threats and environmental studies.
- Track 3-1Isolation in pure form
- Track 3-2Staining reaction
- Track 3-3Morphology of bacterial colony
- Track 3-4Cultural characteristics
- Track 3-5Metabolism
- Track 3-6Biochemical properties
Bacteria are relatively complex, single-celled creatures with a rigid wall and a thin, rubbery membrane surrounding the fluid inside the cell. They can reproduce on their own. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. Compared to virus, cost for antibiotics is low still 700 million infections were found every year with the mortality rate of 0.1% normally and in severe conditions it is about 25%.
- Track 4-1Bacterial skin infections
- Track 4-2Foodborne bacterial infections
- Track 4-3Sexually transmitted infections
- Track 4-4Bacterial meningitis
- Track 4-5Respiratory tract infections
- Track 4-6Urinary tract infections
Clinical Analyses of infectious diseases and Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood, tissues, and other body fluids. There are different types of specimens used in clinical pathology. They are blood, urine, sputum, faeces, and other body fluids, in which it deals with health care, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.
- Track 5-1Clinical microbiology by bacterial genome sequencing
- Track 5-2Clinical microbiology of bacterial and fungal sepsis
- Track 5-3Bacteria in blood for transfusion
- Track 5-4Cure of bacterial conjunctivitis
- Track 5-5Clinical effects and microbiology of bacterial persistence
Bacterial diseases can affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash.Some endemic and exotic diseases are zoonotic which means they can pass between animals and humans, such as rabies.
- Track 6-1Diseases of the nervous system
- Track 6-2Diseases of muscles, bones and joints
- Track 6-3Diseases of the cardio-vascular system
- Track 6-4Multi-systemic diseases
- Track 6-5Diseases of the digestive tract
- Track 6-6Diseases of the respiratory tract
- Track 6-7Diseases of the urinary tract and genital tracts
Bacterial pathogenesis is the process by which bacteria infect and cause infection in a host. Many bacterial Infection forms biofilms with which its pathogenic nature increases. Certain pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in plant host causing diseases. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms Direct Analysis and Techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may identify specific microbial antigens.
- Track 7-1Simulations for Learning Bacterial Pathogenesis
- Track 7-2Pathogenic vulnerability
- Track 7-3Immune responses
- Track 7-4Host-mediated Pathogenesis
- Track 7-5Mechanisms of bacterial pathogenicity
Immune defence is an immune support formula that supplies specific antibodies that target human pathogens. Immune Defense is the first natural product to deliver such a high level of immunoglobulins. Almost 80% of all disease-causing microbes enter the body through mucosal tissue. cytokine stimulates killing mechanisms inside the infected macrophage to digest and destroy the invading bacterium.
- Track 8-1Cell mediated immunity
- Track 8-2Microbial antagonism
- Track 8-3Antibody mediated immunity
- Track 8-4Phagocytosis
- Track 8-5Anatomical defence
Infections that are affected by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. There are several kinds of antibiotic for bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not work for infections caused by other types of micro-organism such as viruses or fungi. Using them unnecessarily increases the risk of bacteria developing resistance to antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem across the world.
- Track 9-1Medical Treatment
- Track 9-2Prevent Bacterial Infection
- Track 9-3Preventing Bacterial Infection from Food
- Track 9-4Preventing the Spread of Bacterial Infections
- Track 9-5Common Bacterial Infections
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. Antimicrobial is the agent that kills or restricts the cell growth. To fight against the potential bacteria now-a-days, the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids,soaps and sanitizers.
- Track 10-1Pneumococcal vaccine
- Track 10-2Anthrax vaccine
- Track 10-3Coinfections
- Track 10-4Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases
- Track 10-5Schistosomiasis
Bacteria are used in industry in a number of ways that generally exploit their natural metabolic capabilities. They are used in manufacture of foods and production of antibiotics, probiotics, drugs, vaccines, starter cultures, insecticides, enzymes, fuels and solvents. In addition, with genetic engineering technology, bacteria can be programmed to make various substances used in food science, agriculture and medicine.
- Track 11-1Food industry
- Track 11-2Pharmaceutical industry
- Track 11-3Agriculture
- Track 11-4Biotechnology industry
- Track 11-5Leather tanning industry
Several major groups of bacteria are considered very significant in animal health and welfare. Some of these bacteria are very pathogenic, their severe pathogenicity cause different kinds and levels of infections to livestock, pets and wildlife. In veterinary bacteriology, it is very important to identify the nature of the bacteria that cause the infection in animals. There is a broad range of laboratory protocols, methods, and techniques that facilitate the microbiological analysis. Specimens should be obtained from infected animals.
- Track 12-1Animal Health
- Track 12-2Zoonoses
- Track 12-3Food Safety
- Track 12-4Preventive Measures
Emerging infectious diseases are those which are caused by bacteria like E.coli, Salmonella, H.pylori, N.gonorrhoeae, N.meningitidis, S.aureus, and S.bacteria. It includes diseases like pneumonia, meningitis, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infections. The drugs used to treat such bacterial infections are called Antibiotics. Pathology is a branch of medical science primarily concerning the examination of organs, tissues, and bodily fluids in order to make a diagnosis of disease.
- Track 13-1Case reports from vaccine Manufacturers
- Track 13-2Discussion on latest discoveries in Bacteriology
- Track 13-3Innovative vaccine manufacturing technologies
Harmful bacteria are also called pathogenic bacteria because they cause disease and serious illnesses like strep throat, staph infections, cholera, tuberculosis, and food poisoning . Although some most forms of bacteria are good for you and those which cause the disease are generally opportunistic pathogens which generally occur in immune compromised people. Some of them could cause serious illness because they are antibiotic resistant .The term pathogenic means disease carrying, and pathogenic or harmful bacteria are often referred to simply as germs.
- Track 14-1Bacillus anthracis- anthrax
- Track 14-2Salmonella Typhi - Typhoid Fever
- Track 14-3Yersinia pestis- bubonic and pneumonic plague
- Track 14-4Streptococcus Pyogenes - Toxic shock syndrome and Septicemia
- Track 14-5Escherichia Coli - Diarrhea