The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. These diseases can be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another. Vaccination, maintenance of proper hygiene and medicines help in the prevention of infection. Infectious diseases are also known as transmissible disease or communicable disease.
- Track 1-1Bacterial Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-2Parasitic Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-3Fungal Infectious Diseases
- Track 1-4Viral Infections Diseases
- Track 1-5Allergic Infections Diseases
- Track 1-6Neuro Infections Diseases
- Track 1-7Common Infections Diseases
Bacterial STDs , such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia, are often cured with antibiotics. However, viral STDs , (the four “H's”) such as HIV , HPV (genital warts), herpes, and hepatitis (the only STD that can be prevented with a vaccine), have no cure, but their symptoms can be alleviated with treatment. Apart from this, malarial infections are also widely spreading especially in African countries. Bacterial toxins and mycobacterial infections are emerging as future epidemic diseases. Various treatments like chemotherapy, antimicrobial treatment and gene silencing are used to cure these infections up to some extent.
- Track 2-1Bacteria and Probiotics
- Track 2-2Bacterial Types and Complexity
- Track 2-3Bacterial metabolism and normal flora
- Track 2-4Bacterial STDs
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms and the part of microbiological science which comprises the study of bacteria is known as “Bacteriology”. Bacteria display a wide variety of shapes and sizes, called morphologies. Bacterial cells are about one-tenth the size of eukaryotic cells and are typically 0.5–5.0 micrometres in length. The ancestors of present bacteria were said to be first forms of life on earth.
- Track 3-1True bacteria
- Track 3-2Actinomycetes
- Track 3-3Spirochaetes
- Track 3-4Mycoplasma
- Track 3-5Rickettsiae
The most important task of bacteriology is to identify the pathogens from the clinical sample so that appropriate treatment can be instituted. Bacterial identification is used in extensive range of applications including microbial forensics, criminal investigations, bio-terrorism threats and environmental studies.
- Track 4-1Isolation in pure form
- Track 4-2Staining reaction
- Track 4-3Morphology of bacterial colony
- Track 4-4Cultural characteristics
- Track 4-5Metabolism
- Track 4-6Biochemical properties
Bacteria are relatively complex, single-celled creatures with a rigid wall and a thin, rubbery membrane surrounding the fluid inside the cell. They can reproduce on their own. A bacterial infection is a proliferation of a harmful strain of bacteria on or inside the body. Compared to virus, cost for antibiotics is low still 700 million infections were found every year with the mortality rate of 0.1% normally and in severe conditions it is about 25%.
- Track 5-1Bacterial skin infections
- Track 5-2Foodborne bacterial infections
- Track 5-3Sexually transmitted infections
- Track 5-4Bacterial meningitis
- Track 5-5Respiratory tract infections
- Track 5-6Urinary tract infections
Clinical Analyses of infectious diseases and Clinical bacteriology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood, tissues, and other body fluids. There are different types of specimens used in clinical pathology. They are blood, urine, sputum, faeces, and other body fluids, in which it deals with health care, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.
- Track 6-1Clinical microbiology by bacterial genome sequencing
- Track 6-2Clinical microbiology of bacterial and fungal sepsis
- Track 6-3Bacteria in blood for transfusion
- Track 6-4Cure of bacterial conjunctivitis
- Track 6-5Clinical effects and microbiology of bacterial persistence
Bacterial pathogenesis is the process by which bacteria infect and cause infection in a host. Many bacterial Infection forms biofilms with which its pathogenic nature increases. Certain pathogens like Pseudomonas syringe injects virulence in plant host causing diseases. For the Diagnosis of Pathogenic microorganisms Direct Analysis and Techniques includes Immunofluorescence, immuno-peroxidase staining, and other immunoassays may identify specific microbial antigens.
- Track 7-1Simulations for Learning Bacterial Pathogenesis
- Track 7-2Pathogenic vulnerability
- Track 7-3Immune responses
- Track 7-4Host-mediated Pathogenesis
- Track 7-5Mechanisms of bacterial pathogenicity
Bacterial diseases can affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Symptoms of leptospirosis include high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, and vomiting, and may include jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash.Some endemic and exotic diseases are zoonotic which means they can pass between animals and humans, such as rabies.
- Track 8-1Diseases of the nervous system
- Track 8-2Diseases of muscles, bones and joints
- Track 8-3Diseases of the cardio-vascular system
- Track 8-4Multi-systemic diseases
- Track 8-5Diseases of the digestive tract
- Track 8-6Diseases of the respiratory tract
- Track 8-7Diseases of the urinary tract and genital tracts
Bacterial diseases refer to a large variety of diseases caused by bacteria or bacterial components that affect humans, domesticated animals, wildlife, fish, and birds. Most of these diseases are contagious—that is, they can be passed from one member of a species to another member, or, in a smaller number of instances, from one species to a different species. Depending on the organism, bacterial disease can be spread in different ways.
- Track 9-1Pulmonary Tuberculosis- Mycobacterium Tuberculae
- Track 9-2Cholera- Vibrio cholerae
- Track 9-3Diphtheria- Diphtheria
- Track 9-4Leprosy- Mycobacterium leprae
- Track 9-5Tetanus- Clostridium tetani
Immune defence is an immune support formula that supplies specific antibodies that target human pathogens. Immune Defense is the first natural product to deliver such a high level of immunoglobulins. Almost 80% of all disease-causing microbes enter the body through mucosal tissue. cytokine stimulates killing mechanisms inside the infected macrophage to digest and destroy the invading bacterium.
- Track 10-1Cell mediated immunity
- Track 10-2Microbial antagonism
- Track 10-3Antibody mediated immunity
- Track 10-4Phagocytosis
- Track 10-5Anatomical defence
Infections that are affected by bacteria are treated with antibiotics. There are several kinds of antibiotic for bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not work for infections caused by other types of micro-organism such as viruses or fungi. Using them unnecessarily increases the risk of bacteria developing resistance to antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem across the world.
- Track 11-1Medical Treatment
- Track 11-2Prevent Bacterial Infection
- Track 11-3Preventing Bacterial Infection from Food
- Track 11-4Preventing the Spread of Bacterial Infections
- Track 11-5Common Bacterial Infections
Inoculation is the best technique for counteractive action for irresistible sicknesses. Antibody Adjuvants are parts which potentiate the invulnerable framework and quicken the resistant reactions to an antigenAntimicrobial is the operator that executes or limits the cell development. To battle against the potential microscopic organisms now-a-days, the assembling organizations are thinking of further developed antimicrobial fluids/cleansers/sanitizers. Inoculation/Vaccination is a standout amongst the most financially savvy general wellbeing intercessions to date, sparing a great many lives and shielding incalculable kids from ailment and handicap. As an immediate aftereffect of vaccination, polio is very nearly annihilation.
- Track 12-1Teixobactin
- Track 12-2Predatory Bacteria
- Track 12-3Delivery of Antibiotics to Our Body
- Track 12-4Bacterial Biofilms
- Track 12-5Antibiotics Versus Good Bacteria in Gut
Irresistible Diseases and microbiology is in different parts of irresistible ailments and host pathogen connections, including the pathogenesis of microbial irresistible at the cell and sub-atomic levels as they identify with creating techniques for ailment counteractive action. There are many branches in bacteriology that are identified with general wellbeing like sustenance bacteriology, myco bacteriology.
- Track 13-1Enteric Bacteriology
- Track 13-2Food Bacteriology
- Track 13-3Myco Bacteriology
- Track 13-4Water Bacteriology
- Track 13-5Practical Bacteriology
Phyto bacteriology is a branch of bacteriology that arrangements with life forms related with pathogenic for plants. This microscopic organisms causes a little extent of plant ailments, this does not imply that these infections are immaterial. Other biotic specialists ensnared in plant ailments are organisms, infections and nematodes, abiotic components may likewise deliver illnesses like side effects. Pathogenic tests should be possible for the counteractive action of infection. There are 1,700 fortune associations universally with more than 1200 premium investigations in a year with a decent statistical surveying firm overall every year.
- Track 14-1Ecology and Epidemiology of Plant-associated Bacteria
- Track 14-2Beneficial Plant-bacterial Interactions
- Track 14-3Gram-positive and Fastidious Phytopathogenic Bacteria
- Track 14-4Gamma Proteobacterial Phytopathogens and Beneficials
- Track 14-5Genetic and Molecular Bases for Bacterial Virulene
Carbapenem-safe Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are Gram-negative microorganisms that are impervious to the carbapenem class of anti-infection agents, considered the medications of final resort for such contaminations. They are safe since they create a protein called a carbapenemase that handicaps the medication particle. The protection can fluctuate from direct to extreme. Enterobacteriaceae are normal commensals and irresistible operators. Specialists fear CRE as the new "superbug".The microbes can kill up to half of patients who get circulatory system infections. Tom Frieden, previous leader of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has alluded to CRE as "bad dream bacteria".Types of CRE are in some cases known as KPC and NDM . KPC and NDM are catalysts that separate carbapenems and make them incapable. Both of these catalysts, and in addition the protein VIM (Verona Integron-Mediated Metallo-β-lactamase) have additionally been accounted for in Pseudomonas.
- Track 15-1Transmission of CRE by Animals
- Track 15-2Mechanism of Carbapenem Resistance
- Track 15-3Prevention of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
- Track 15-4Treatment for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
- Track 15-5Treatment for Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
Antimicrobial resistance refers to microbe’s ability to change and become less susceptible to drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs (antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals and antiparasitics) to treat otherwise life-threatening infections has been one of the most notable medical achievements in human history. Antimicrobial stewardship refers to coordinated interventions designed to improve and measure the appropriate use of antimicrobials by promoting the selection of the optimal antimicrobial drug regimen, dose, duration of therapy, and route of administration
- Track 16-1Mechanisms of action, Preclinical data & Pharmacology of Antibacterial Agents
- Track 16-2Pharmacokinetics of Antibacterial drugs & Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
- Track 16-3New antibacterial agents: Clinical trials
- Track 16-4Pharmacoepidemiology, Improved Prescribing and Antibiotic Stewardship
Vaccination is the most effective method of prevention for infectious diseases. Vaccine Adjuvants are components which potentiate the immune system and accelerate the immune responses to an antigen. Antimicrobial is the agent that kills or restricts the cell growth. To fight against the potential bacteria now-a-days, the manufacturing companies are coming up with more advanced antimicrobial liquids,soaps and sanitizers.
- Track 17-1Pneumococcal vaccine
- Track 17-2Anthrax vaccine
- Track 17-3Coinfections
- Track 17-4Tuberculosis and respiratory diseases
- Track 17-5Schistosomiasis
Several major groups of bacteria are considered very significant in animal health and welfare. Some of these bacteria are very pathogenic, their severe pathogenicity cause different kinds and levels of infections to livestock, pets and wildlife. In veterinary bacteriology, it is very important to identify the nature of the bacteria that cause the infection in animals. There is a broad range of laboratory protocols, methods, and techniques that facilitate the microbiological analysis. Specimens should be obtained from infected animals.
- Track 18-1Animal Health
- Track 18-2Zoonoses
- Track 18-3Food Safety
- Track 18-4Preventive Measures
Clinical Reviews of irresistible illnesses and Clinical bacteriology bolsters the finding of infection utilizing research facility testing of blood, tissues, and other body liquids. There are sorts of examples utilized clinical pathology. They are blood, pee, sputum, defecation, and other body liquids, in which it manages social insurance, particularly the conclusion and treatment of disarranges influencing the female regenerative framework. The market is sectioned on the premise of geology, for example, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World. At present, North America and Europe are the most noticeable markets, inferable from developing predominance of different gram-positive bacterial contaminations and related infections. Notwithstanding, Asia-Pacific and a few nations in Rest of the World area are relied upon to demonstrate lucrative development in forthcoming period, inferable from quickly developing commonness and mindfulness about the maladies caused because of gram-positive microscopic organisms and their constant impacts.
- Track 19-1Enterobacter Sakazakii Infections
- Track 19-2Bacterial Vaginosis
- Track 19-3Bacteria in blood for Transfusio
- Track 19-4Joint Infection by Anaerobic Bacteria
- Track 19-5Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome
Bacteria are used in industry in a number of ways that generally exploit their natural metabolic capabilities. They are used in manufacture of foods and production of antibiotics, probiotics, drugs, vaccines, starter cultures, insecticides, enzymes, fuels and solvents. In addition, with genetic engineering technology, bacteria can be programmed to make various substances used in food science, agriculture and medicine.
- Track 20-1Food industry
- Track 20-2Pharmaceutical industry
- Track 20-3Agriculture
- Track 20-4Biotechnology industry
- Track 20-5Leather tanning industry
Harmful bacteria are also called pathogenic bacteria because they cause disease and serious illnesses like strep throat, staph infections, cholera, tuberculosis, and food poisoning . Although some most forms of bacteria are good for you and those which cause the disease are generally opportunistic pathogens which generally occur in immune compromised people. Some of them could cause serious illness because they are antibiotic resistant .The term pathogenic means disease carrying, and pathogenic or harmful bacteria are often referred to simply as germs.
- Track 21-1Bacillus anthracis- anthrax
- Track 21-2Salmonella Typhi - Typhoid Fever
- Track 21-3Yersinia pestis- bubonic and pneumonic plague
- Track 21-4Streptococcus Pyogenes - Toxic shock syndrome and Septicemia
- Track 21-5Escherichia Coli - Diarrhea
Emerging infectious diseases are those which are caused by bacteria like E.coli, Salmonella, H.pylori, N.gonorrhoeae, N.meningitidis, S.aureus, and S.bacteria. It includes diseases like pneumonia, meningitis, gastroenteritis, urinary tract infections. The drugs used to treat such bacterial infections are called Antibiotics. Pathology is a branch of medical science primarily concerning the examination of organs, tissues, and bodily fluids in order to make a diagnosis of disease.
- Track 22-1Case reports from vaccine Manufacturers
- Track 22-2Discussion on latest discoveries in Bacteriology
- Track 22-3Innovative vaccine manufacturing technologies